What Can You Do With A Geology Degree?13 Careers & Salaries

Are you someone with a geology degree who is confused about what job opportunities are available to them? We understand your confusion and want to help!

In this article, we will provide a comprehensive list of the best options for those who have recently obtained their geology degree. From research scientist to lecturer, there is an abundance of career paths that one can explore while holding a degree in geology. Keep reading to find out more!

What Can You Do With A Geology Degree
  • A geology degree can open up a wide range of career opportunities—from government research to private consulting firms, or even working abroad in the field.
  • Geology degrees provide students with powerful analytical and problem-solving skills that are sought after by employers in a variety of industries.
  • With an increased focus on sustainable energy sources, geologists who specialize in green technology have become highly sought after for their expertise and knowledge related to renewable resources and environmental protection initiatives.
  • The average salary for someone with a geology degree is higher than many comparable degrees, making it a great educational investment as well as providing job security into the future. 
  • Earning your geology degree provides you with broad training across multiple scientific disciplines such as chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics and computer science which gives you excellent insight when approaching complex problems from different angles—a key professional skill required for success today!

13 Jobs You Can Do With A Geology Degree

 1. Geochemist 

A Geochemist is a scientist who studies the chemical composition of Earth and its atmosphere. A Geochemist can work in a variety of areas such as oil exploration, environmental science, geothermal energy, or mineral extraction.

With a degree in geology, you can pursue this career by exploring and analyzing geological materials to determine their makeup and other characteristics. You will use advanced tools such as microscopes and X-ray fluorescence spectrometers to identify elements that make up the rocks or minerals being studied.

Geochemist Job Responsibilities

  • Analyzing rock samples to understand the chemical composition and history of Earth’s crust.
  • Developing strategies for extracting valuable minerals from rocks and soils using sophisticated equipment. 
  • Conducting fieldwork to collect geochemical data, such as air, water, and soil samples in remote locations or on-site at industrial sites.
Geochemist Median Salary$72,529 Annual

 2. Environmental Field Technician 

Environmental Field Technician jobs are a great option for those with a geology degree. This type of job involves collecting data, monitoring environmental conditions, and taking corrective action when needed.

As an Environmental Field Technician, you will be in charge of conducting field studies to determine the impact of human activities on the environment and measuring environmental parameters such as air quality, temperature readings, soil chemistry levels, etc.

Environmental Field Technician Job Responsibilities

  • Collect soil, water and air samples in order to assess environmental conditions.
  • Monitor the effect of geotechnical activities on the environment by conducting field tests and surveys. 
  • Develops reports summarizing observations of environmental data collection based on geology studies as well as analysis of collected data sets.
Environmental Field Technician Median Salary$39,960 Annual

 3. Hydrogeologist 

Hydrogeologists use their knowledge of geology to understand how the physical and chemical properties of rocks, soils, and groundwater interact. They collect data from fieldwork and laboratory experiments to analyze the characteristics of surface water and subsurface aquifers.

With a degree in geology, you can become a hydrogeologist with research institutions or private firms that specialize in this area. As a hydrogeologist, you will be responsible for monitoring the quality of underground water sources as well as designing efficient methods for collecting it.

Hydrogeologist Job Responsibilities

  • Investigating the availability and flow of underground water sources.
  • Developing strategies to conserve and protect valuable aquifers.
  • Assessing potential risks from groundwater contamination or depletion.
Hydrogeologist Median Salary$81,217 Annual

 4. Geophysicist 

A geology degree can open up many career pathways, including becoming a Geophysicist. As a Geophysicist, you would use physics and mathematics to study the physical properties of Earth’s surface and its various layers. You would be required to research the underlying structure of landforms such as mountains or ocean trenches in order to increase our knowledge about them.

You also may help deduce what kind of rock formations could exist underground based on seismic data collected from seismographs, gravity surveys and magnetometers. With expertise in geology, it is possible for someone with a geology degree to work as a Geophysicist!

Geophysicist Job Responsibilities

  • Analyze and interpret geological data to identify potential sites for oil and gas exploration.
  • Conduct seismic surveys, gravimetric surveys and magnetic surveys to map the underground structure of different land areas. 
  • Design well-logging programs to measure depth, temperature, pressure or other characteristics of boreholes drilled into the Earth’s crust.
Geophysicist Median Salary$104,813 Annual

 5. Forester 

Jobs in this field involve managing forests, ensuring environmental conservation and safeguarding natural resources, as well as developing the land to provide recreational opportunities. Foresters must be knowledgeable about tree species, soils and other aspects of ecology in order to protect natural habitats while implementing plans that benefit both people and the environment.

A geology degree provides the necessary knowledge base for success in this role by teaching fundamentals like mapping techniques and how landforms form over time.

Forester Job Responsibilities

  • Develop and implement forest management plans that are in line with geological conditions.
  • Monitor land use changes and assess the effects on geological resources. 
  • Provide training to local communities on sustainable forestry practices while taking into account geological resources and potential risks from natural disasters such as floods or landslides.
Forester Median Salary$60,897 Annual

 6. Mineralogist 

A Mineralogist is a scientist who studies minerals, their properties and their uses. They use microscopes, x-ray diffraction and other specialized tools to identify, analyze and classify minerals. With a degree in geology you can specialize in mineralogy and pursue this career path.

As a Mineralogist, you will have the opportunity to explore different geological materials such as rocks, soils or even meteorites from outer space. You may also be involved in research projects that help us better understand the Earth’s environment or how our resources are being used efficiently and safely.

Mineralogist Job Responsibilities

  • Analyzing samples of rocks and minerals to determine their composition, structure, properties and origin.
  • Investigating the physical characteristics of ore deposits in mining areas to evaluate potential production value.
  • Working with geologists to identify geological trends that could indicate beneficial mineral or oil deposits in certain locations.
Mineralogist Median Salary$58,346 Annual

 7. GIS Analyst 

GIS Analyst is an exciting job that can be done with a geology degree. This position involves collecting and analyzing geographic data, creating maps and diagrams of various areas, evaluating the environment, developing recommendations for environmental management activities, and helping to protect resources in our communities.

GIS Analysts are responsible for understanding the interactions between humans and the natural environment so they can help design plans that will best protect our planet’s resources. A geology degree gives individuals the foundational knowledge they need to understand, how geological processes affect human activity and their surroundings, essential skills needed to excel as a GIS Analyst.

GIS Analyst Job Responsibilities

  • Develop and maintain GIS datasets that accurately depict geologic features and trends in the landscape.
  • Analyze geospatial data to identify potential areas of geological interest for further investigation or development.
  • Create maps, diagrams, and other visualizations to help explain complex geologic concepts to stakeholders and decision-makers.
GIS Analyst Median Salary$64,355 Annual

 8. Geotechnical engineer 

A Geotechnical engineer job is a great career choice for those with a degree in geology. This career field involves investigating and analyzing the mechanical properties of soils, rocks and other earth materials that are used to support structures such as roads, dams, bridges etc.

A geotechnical engineer must also be knowledgeable about how water affects soil properties and how human activities can impact ground stability. With a degree in geology, you will have the knowledge necessary to understand geological processes which make it easier for you to excel in this field. 

Geotechnical engineer Job Responsibilities

  • Conducting subsurface investigations to determine the engineering properties of soils and rocks.
  • Designing earth retaining structures such as retaining walls, piles, and drilled shafts.
  • Developing slope stability analyses for embankments and other landforms that could be subject to landslides or rockfalls.
Geotechnical engineer Median Salary$76,981 Annual

 9. Archaeologist 

Archaeologists use their knowledge of geology to uncover and analyze artifacts from the past. With a degree in geology, one can become an archaeologist who studies ancient cultures and civilizations by digging into the earth and examining found artifacts. Archaeologists look for clues about how people lived hundreds or even thousands of years ago.

They use their geological background to help excavate sites, date objects using various techniques, interpret findings from laboratory analyses, write reports on their research, and educate others on what they have learned. This fascinating field opens up many career opportunities including working with museums, universities, research institutes and governmental agencies.

Archaeologist Job Responsibilities

  • Excavate and analyze artifacts to identify the origin, development, and behavior of past human cultures.
  • Conduct field surveys to locate and map archaeological sites for further study or preservation. 
  • Document discoveries using photographs, drawings, illustrations, diagrams and other records to help gain a better understanding of prehistoric peoples’ lifestyles and environments.
Archaeologist Median Salary$58,394 Annual

 10. Environmental Consultant 

Environmental Consultants help organizations ensure that their activities are in compliance with environmental regulations. With a degree in Geology, individuals can pursue a career as an Environmental Consultant. These professionals typically have expertise in geologic issues related to land and water use, site assessments, and hazardous materials management.

They work alongside engineers and government officials to develop plans for the remediation of contaminated sites or areas of high pollution levels. With this important role comes great responsibility – ensuring that businesses and communities are able operate within safe environmental standards.

Environmental Consultant Job Responsibilities

  • Assess geological features of a given site in order to determine the potential environmental impacts of development projects.
  • Analyze soil, groundwater and rock samples to measure pollutant concentrations and identify sources of contamination.
  • Develop mitigation plans for any identified environmental issues and coordinate remediation activities as needed.
Environmental Consultant Median Salary$67,451 Annual

 11. Soil Scientist 

Soil scientists focus on the study of soil and its components. They analyze properties such as texture, fertility, erosion patterns, water infiltration, and other physical and chemical characteristics. Their job requires a great deal of knowledge about geology in order to understand how soil is formed and influenced by environmental factors.

For those with a degree in geology, pursuing a career as a soil scientist can be an excellent option – using their existing skills to better protect our environment from contamination or degradation caused by poor land management practices. 

Soil Scientist Job Responsibilities

  • Conduct research to identify and analyze soil resources, morphology and fertility.
  • Monitor and evaluate current land use practices for their impact on the environment and local ecosystems. 
  • Develop strategies for conserving, restoring, or enhancing soils in order to ensure optimal nutrient levels for producing crops or other agricultural products.
Soil Scientist Median Salary$69,420 Annual

 12. Sustainability Engineer 

As a Sustainability Engineer, with a Geology degree, you can help develop solutions to ensure that human activities do not cause long-term damage to the environment. You will be able to use your understanding of the earth’s materials and processes in order to protect natural resources while also helping organizations meet their sustainability goals.

With this role, you could work with local governments or research institutions on projects such as water purification systems and land reclamation efforts, while protecting our planet’s future health at the same time.

Sustainability Engineer Job Responsibilities

  • Design and implement sustainable strategies for energy, water and natural resource conservation in geologically sensitive areas.
  • Develop methods to reduce environmental impacts by using cutting-edge technologies such as GIS (geographical information systems) and remote sensing software.
  • Research local geological resources to identify potential sites for renewable energy production or land reclamation projects.
Sustainability Engineer Median Salary$76,352 Annual

 13. Petroleum Geologist 

Petroleum Geologists are the scientists responsible for locating and exploiting oil resources in order to meet world energy demands. With a degree in geology, individuals can pursue this field of work and become specialists in resource exploration and production. This job requires detailed knowledge of the characteristics of sedimentary rocks as well as an ability to interpret seismic data.

Petroleum Geologists use specialized software to analyze geological structures that might contain petroleum reserves, then recommend drilling sites accordingly. Additionally, they monitor drilling operations and assess both existing and potential fossil fuel fields for further development or production possibilities.

Petroleum Geologist Job Responsibilities

  • Analyzing geological data to create maps and cross-sections for potential oil and gas drilling sites.
  • Developing strategies for well placement, production planning, and reservoir management.
  • Planning and supervising exploratory drilling activities in search of hydrocarbon deposits.
Petroleum Geologist Median Salary$88,796 Annual

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